Food processing is the transformation of agricultural products into food, or of one form of food into other forms. Food processing includes many forms of processing foods, from grinding grain to make raw flour to home cooking to complex industrial methods used to make convenience foods.
Primary food processing is necessary to make most foods edible, and secondary food processing turns the ingredients into familiar foods, such as bread.
Tertiary food processing has been criticized for promoting overnutrition and obesity, containing too much sugar and salt, too little fiber, and otherwise being unhealthful.
Trends & Opportunities in Argentina
- Argentina is one of the leading countries in the commercialization of soybeans, wheat, and meat.
In addition to that, Argentina is also an important producer of wool and wine.
- Nevertheless, the major part of wine consumption is done domestically.
- In Argentina, 20.3 millions of hectares are devoted to the production of soybeans.
- The states where the majority of this commodity is grown in the regions of Buenos Aires, Cordoba, and Santa Fe.
- Sugarcane and citrus plantations are also largely present in Argentina.
- The majority of the sheep are produced in Patagonia, the south region of Argentina.
Trends & Opportunities in Brazil
- Food and agricultural products are abundant in Brazil.
- The country has been considered the leading supplier of various agricultural products like beef, ethanol, cotton, soybean, and cellulose.
- To sustain the rapid growth of the food and agriculture sector of the country, the government is investing in searching for new and more efficient manufacturing technologies.
- This is a chance for food suppliers and producers to not only lead in the food industry, but also in responsible manufacturing.
- As the sector undergoes a lot of development, the consumers also become more aware and conscious of the goods they consume.
- They now know more about which products to trust regarding its quality and health benefits.
Trends & Opportunities in Chile
- Chile is a mature market for the production and export of:
- Functional ingredients and sophisticated foods.
- Bioproducts and their forerunners, nutraceuticals used in agriculture, generated from algae and residues produced by the Food Industry.
- There are also incentives for the arrival and set up of RD&I centers for added value in the food industry.
Trends & Opportunities in Colombia
- The second-largest coffee producer in the world, some 20 percent of all cultivated land in Colombia is dedicated to growing mild Arabica beans, mostly for export.
- Colombia is also the world’s second-largest exporter of cut flowers after the Netherlands, with an industry worth around USD 1 billion per year.
- In October 2015, the government launched the program “Colombia Siembra” to encourage the production of food staples.
- Colombia Siembra involves an investment of USD 500 million through 2018 and aims to boost agricultural growth by 6.2 percent.
- Colombia Siembra will address the productivity and competitiveness of this sector by investing in machinery, irrigation, and technology.
Trends & Opportunities in Mexico
- The United States remains Mexico’s principal agricultural trading partner, receiving almost 80 percent of Mexico’s total exports.
- Specifically, Mexico exported a record USD 23.8 billion worth of agricultural products to the U.S. in 2016.
With the rising trend in healthier eating, the demand for organic food products in Mexico has grown in recent years because Mexican consumers perceive organic foods as being healthier than conventional foods.
- Presently, Mexico has some of the world’s highest indexes for obesity and diabetes, especially among children.
- The Mexican Government has made it a priority to reverse this through educational campaigns, new processed food labeling norms and food nutrition laws that target school children.
- As a result, a growing number of Mexican consumers are pursuing healthier lifestyles, which include better eating habits, making Mexico an attractive market for American exporters of healthy and/or organic food products.